Dental implantology is the most up-dated branch of dentistry, and it belongs to the techniques by which an implant inserted into the alveolar bone reaches the root of a lost natural tooth.
The dental implant is a device made of titanium or zirconium, which replaces a tooth or several absent teeth from the arch. Practically a dental implant is inserted into the alveolar bone and will hold the root, and on this support will be made subsequent prosthesis.
Indications of a dental implant
The dental implant is indicated for replacing a tooth or for supporting larger prosthetic works such as dental or dental prosthesis on implants. Any patient who has lost a definitive tooth is a candidate for inserting a dental implant. The insertion of the implant can be performed in the majority of patients, and the intervention is not recommended in very young or very old patients (people with severe healing, over 90 years of age), patients with heart disease or other associated serious diseases are excluded.
Dental implant insertion involves several steps:
initial visit, setting the indication for dental implant treatment, and informing the patient of the intervention and the necessary medical analyzes.
the actual insertion of implants. This is done under local anesthesia and at the end the patient is free to go home the same day.
the healing period (osteointegration) of the implants. This lasts for 3-6 months, during which bone formation around the implants is expected. During this period, the patient benefits from provisional prosthesis.
definitive prosthetic implantation.